Research

WEMS-initiative as a Science-Technology platform
20 Aug 2020

Following the successful implementation of WEMS in Africa, United Nations University called upon scientists, policy makers, industrialists and civil society to strengthen the technological innovations in addressing wildlife crime. During the occasion of the 1st World Wildlife Day, United Nations University hosted the Tokyo Conference on Combating Wildlife Crime on 3rd March 2014.  The theme of the Tokyo Conference […]

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United Nations Conference Reports
29 Jun 2020

Information Note 1. Introduction The United Nations Programme on Space Applications, implemented by the Office for Outer Space Affairs, was established in 1971 to assist Member States with building capacity in using space science, technology and their applications in support of sustainable economic, social and environmental development. Under the new thematic priority “monitoring and protecting […]

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If wildlife enforcement monitoring system (WEMS) is the solution, what is the problem?
29 Jun 2020

Preface During all the vicissitudes of my life, I stood firm to create a productive information-sharing conjunction between my four most observant audiences – the government, UN experts, NGOs and scientists working on wildlife conservation and enforcement issues. The answer was, ‘Wildlife Enforcement Monitoring System (WEMS)’, a ‘non-living’ tool that was developed to support the […]

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BYTES BEYOND BORDERS: STRENGTHENING TRANSBOUNDARY INFORMATION SHARING ON WILDLIFE CRIME THROUGH THE WILDLIFE ENFORCEMENT MONITORING SYSTEM (WEMS) INITIATIVE
29 Jun 2020

Introduction The multi-billion dollar illegal wildlife trade is a global crisis that not only threatens the conservation of protected species but also has deep implications for peace and security in nations across the world. As wildlife trafficking becomes more organized and illegal trade of wildlife continues to flourish on the ground and in cyberspace, there […]

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Wildlife Enforcement Monitoring System (WEMS): A solution to support compliance of Multilateral Environmental Agreements
29 Jun 2020

Abstract Given the rising number of international environmental agreements, it is increasingly difficult for many developing countries to meet the basic commitments of compliance to Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs). One major reason for non-compliance is an unforced restriction on enforcement information flow to the national environmental governance repository either due to policy regulations or, technological […]

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Conflicting policy beliefs and informational complexities in designing a transboundary enforcement monitoring system
29 Jun 2020

Highlights We examine why CITES rejected Wildlife Enforcement Monitoring System – a transboundary decision support system. We first look at the beliefs of the stakeholders within the wildlife policy subsystem. We discover 4 conflicting policy beliefs which remains highly polarized. Our findings reflect that the polarization lead to the rejection of the Decision support system. […]

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